Ghana is a West African country adjacent to the Gulf of Guinea. It borders with Ivory Coast in the West, Togo in the East and Burkina Faso in the North. The capital Accra is located in the South, on the coast. Approximately 22 million people live in Ghana, divided into more than 100 ethnicities. Although there are said to be 79 languages, the official one is English.
The World Bank has projected that Ghana will be the fastest growing economy in Sub-Saharan Africa, with a growth rate of 13.4% in 2011, dropping to 10% in 2012. Ghana is one of the largest cocoa producers in the world and is estimated to have up to five billion barrels of oil in reserves, which makes it the sixth largest oil reserve in Africa.
Although it is prosperous compared to the countries around it, poverty, corruption and human rights discrimination are still rife, with 30% of its population (approximately 7.8 million people) living on less than US$ 1.25 per day (as of Feb 2012).Poverty continues to deepen across the country, bolstered by low literacy, fertility and life expectancy figures, as well as high rates infection of HIV/Aids and malaria.
Ghana participates in the UN’s Millennium Project, which was set up in 2000 to help nations achieve eight development ‘Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)’ by 2015.
Ghana is said to be making progress on achieving their targetsbut is unlikely to meet Goal 3 (Promote gender equality and empower women), Goal 4 (Reduce child mortality), Goal 6 (Combat HIV/Aids, malaria and other diseases) and Goal 7 (Ensure environmental sustainability) by 2015.
Follow Ghana’s progress in achieving its MDGs by 2015 here: